VACCINATION TREATMENT ALTERNATIVES

Novel Fiction for Christmas

ANIMAL FARM 2

This political satire is an exciting sequel to George Orwell’s ‘Animal Farm’ (1945) with animals taking over a farm after the Revolution, in the Cold War and up to modern times. They are ruled by pig totalitarianism, seek liberation and discover that climate science has a new paradigm with an optimistic outcome. 

TIME IS GOLD

This is nail-biting novel fiction in which Maxi, an Australian marathon runner, is determined to win Olympic Gold and break the world record. Her training is guided by her partner Jack, whose neuroscience research discovers that Einstein’s Special Relativity can plausibly enable her to stretch her time in ‘flow’.

SHORT OF LOVE

At Liverpool University in the Beatles era, Tom is an engineering student who falls for Vicki, a psychology student. When she tricks him, he puts her off for later with a satirical trick of his own: a commodity short. It backfires and they try to get back together but his work as CEO of a Canadian oil company causes friction. This is a biofiction page-turner.

PRESUMED DEAD

A crime fiction thriller set in fictional Alexandra, ruled by partisan self-interest, Westminster government and a hung parliament. When iconic sassy Councillor Jane Kenwood, the only independent, disappears, her partner and colleague, who is a forensic scientist, investigates. Dr Phillip Keane leads a think tank to consider the possibilities with meticulous logic and chilling precision. A story that will keep you guessing.

THE GRASS IS ALWAYS BROWNER

An Australian saga speculating on Australia 250 years in the future, extrapolated with scientific objectivity from trends in: population growth, migration control, religious conflict, industrial collapse, deurbanisation and rising sea levels. The nation is governed by the Yabras, an Indigenous dynasty.

Reviews and links to Amazon on my blog martinknox.com

RENEWABLE ENERGY MAY NOT COOL EARTH

Solar, wind and hydro technologies convert enthalpy into entropy and would cool the Earth, except that it is in dynamic radiative balance with the Sun, which has a relatively infinite energy supply and would restore the equilibrium. The enthalpy has to be restored from the Sun because the enthalpy cannot be replaced, except from higher temperatures by the Second Law of Thermodynamics, ultimately by the temperature of the Sun. There would be additional warming of the Earth to maintain its temperatures, causing global warming. Therefore renewable energy would not reduce global warming. The theory that reducing fossil fuel combustion would reduce warming by carbon dioxide could be tested, as I have described in my Proposal to Demonstrate Greenhouse Warming see martinknox.com  and my book Animal Farm 2 available on Amazon.

COMPARING FOSSIL-FUELLED AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES

My attempt at resolving this complex matter is summarised below.

Utilisation of electrical energy extracts, converts into electricity and then wastes as heat transferred to the environment, all of the chemical enthalpy in a fossil fuel, which is not replaced because it would be conserved on Earth by the First Law of Thermodynamics, as entropy, unusable energy. For an equal quantity of electricity, from solar, wind or hydro energy, it would be converted, used and wasted in the same way, but its enthalpy would have to be replaced to restore the Earth-Sun dynamic radiative equilibrium.

To maintain on Earth systems of wind, precipitation and solar energy for renewable energy technologies, the enthalpy taken and used has to be replaced from higher temperature sources, not entropy. The Second Law of Thermodynamics, allows heat to move only from warmer systems to cooler systems. Solar, wind and hydro enthalpies taken on Earth must be restored ultimately from the Sun’s higher temperature. To argue that Earth’s climate system energy would not be affected by renewable technologies because their amount is lesser is a priori, a fallacy and unsound.

Therefore, supposing that solar, wind and hydro technologies could equal the thermal efficiency of fossil fuel technologies, the renewable technologies would bring more solar energy to the Earth. The amount of heat trapped by carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels could be offset by restoration of solar, wind and hydro energy taken by renewable technologies.

Further explanation is in my book Animal Farm 2 on Amazon and posted on my blog. 

martinknox.com

PROPOSAL TO DEMONSTRATE GREENHOUSE WARMING 

To demonstrate that CO2 warms the atmosphere,’ said Stanley, ‘we could empty two identical grain silos and fill one with air and the other with pure COgas piped in from the vodka plant. Then we would put an infrared heater inside each.’

‘Why use infrared heaters?’ asked Pamela his partner.

‘Because infrared radiation from the Sun passes through the atmosphere,’ said Norman. ‘Some is absorbed and the rest warms the Earth’s surfaces or is reradiated.’

‘Would the infrared heat the air?’

‘Indirectly. The metal wall of the silo will warm up and heat the gases by convection and circulation, like the atmosphere.’

‘The metal wall wouldn’t absorb and radiate like the ocean and land, would it?’

‘It could be similar.’

‘How long would you let the two silos heat up for?’

‘Maybe a week. Then we could compare the temperatures reached.’

‘Why did you go for pure CO2? Air has only 0.045%?’ said Pamela.

‘I figured it would be easiest to see any difference with 100% CO2 and then scale the results proportionally down to 0.045%. CO2 would heat up more because it has 20% lower specific heat capacity.’

‘So what would this demonstrate?’

‘It could demonstrate Earth’s atmosphere containing more carbon dioxide would heat up more.’ 

‘Or not.’

‘Yes. It’s a fair test.’

Extracted from Animal Farm 2, by Martin Knox, available from Amazon.

martinknox.com

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