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WHEN FOSSIL FUELS ARE BURNED, WHICH EMISSIONS CAUSE GLOBAL WARMING?

CLIMATE STRATEGIES DO NOT CONVERGE

Stopping production of fossil fuels has been imagined to prevent global warming and simultaneously prevent depletion of energy supplies. It won’t.

Global warming can be reduced by putting into the atmosphere less heat energy from fossil fuels, solar, wind and hydro. Atmospheric warming from traces of greenhouse gases, more than by other gases, has been refuted. A shifted climate science paradigm is explained in my novel Animal Farm 2, a sequel to Orwell’s Animal Farm satirising totalitarianism. Global warming by thermal emissions, or solar changes, is more likely than by carbon dioxide.

The other strategy is to reduce depletion of energy resources. Extracting and using fossil fuels more efficiently is possible. Other energy: solar, wind, hydro and wood also cause heat emissions and need to be reduced, because they cause more warming than fossil fuel energy and are more costly. In my novel Short of Love, wasteful extraction of petroleum resources in Canada and other countries has a solution. Coal has been depleted in some European countries but Australia has large resources available to supply export demand for possibly thousands of years into the future. There is no need to stop coal production in Australia that could supply the world. Books available from Amazon.

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CLIMATE DOUBLE JEOPARDY

Double jeopardy prohibits different prosecutions for the same offense. This rule can come into play when a government brings a charge against someone for an incident, then prosecutes that person again for the same incident, only with a different charge.

For example, if a defendant is found not guilty of manslaughter in a drunk-driving incident, he or she cannot be tried again in criminal court. However, the deceased victim’s family is free to sue the defendant for wrongful death in a civil court to recover financial damages.

A situation of double jeopardy could possibly be invoked when an authority brings a charge against an electricity supplier for harmful combustion of fossil fuels. Improper waste disposal is an environmental crime and could be heard in a criminal court. If they are found not guilty, they cannot be tried again in the criminal court for the same incident with a different charge, for example pollution, However, the plaintiff is free to sue them in a civil court for wrongful polluting of air.

A defendant could maintain that non-renewable fuel combustion cannot be both polluting and resource – diminishing at the same time, for when that resource is not renewed, it cannot also cause pollution. The prosecutor cannot have a resource cake with pollution eating it at the same time.

The double jeopardy principle prevents courts contradicting each other.

Although the example situation above could not be dealt with by existing legislation, it could be a guide to fair treatment of alleged polluters from non-renewable resources. Resource depletion should be tested legally separately from alleged pollution.

The situation is notionally relevant to prosecution of fossil fuel compliance when neither pollution nor depletion have corroborating scientific evidence in Australia. A shifted climate science paradigm is explained in the novel Animal Farm 2.

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WHAT ENERGY SUPPLY IS BEST?

What is an energy supply?

Energy is the capacity to do work. Your supply will do work for you when it supplies you with electrical energy.

What is electrical energy?

It is caused by the movement of electrons from one place to another and is the work done by the moving streams of the electrons or charges. The commercial or practical unit of energy is the kilowatt-hour (kWh).

How is electrical energy supplied?

Sources are:

  1. objects: hot, moving, charged, sprung, radioactive 
  2. fossil fuels: heat engines; turbogenerators
  3. renewable energy technologies

How well do different technologies convert input energy to electricity?

See table

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