PROPOSAL TO DEMONSTRATE GREENHOUSE WARMING ￼
To demonstrate that CO2 warms the atmosphere,’ said Stanley, ‘we could empty two identical grain silos and fill one with air and the other with pure CO2 gas piped in from the vodka plant. Then we would put an infrared heater inside each.’
‘Why use infrared heaters?’ asked Pamela his partner.
‘Because infrared radiation from the Sun passes through the atmosphere,’ said Norman. ‘Some is absorbed and the rest warms the Earth’s surfaces or is reradiated.’
‘Would the infrared heat the air?’
‘Indirectly. The metal wall of the silo will warm up and heat the gases by convection and circulation, like the atmosphere.’
‘The metal wall wouldn’t absorb and radiate like the ocean and land, would it?’
‘It could be similar.’
‘How long would you let the two silos heat up for?’
‘Maybe a week. Then we could compare the temperatures reached.’
‘Why did you go for pure CO2? Air has only 0.045%?’ said Pamela.
‘I figured it would be easiest to see any difference with 100% CO2 and then scale the results proportionally down to 0.045%. CO2 would heat up more because it has 20% lower specific heat capacity.’
‘So what would this demonstrate?’
‘It could demonstrate Earth’s atmosphere containing more carbon dioxide would heat up more.’
‘Yes. It’s a fair test.’
Extracted from Animal Farm 2, by Martin Knox, available from Amazon.
REDUCE UNNECESSARY CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY
Combustion, geothermal processes, hydro, solar and wind, all produce heat energy (or electricity), plus water vapour, plus carbon dioxide (some). All the heat energy, including that wasted, ends up eventually in the oceans, land, atmosphere or reradiated into space. Energy taken by hydro, solar and wind technologies and their waste, warm the Earth and are replaced from the Sun. Increase of heat energy, or entropy released, in all these processes, is sufficient to explain the reported global warming.
Carbon dioxide is a mere 0.0042% of the atmospheric gases insulating the Earth from space. It does not act as a trace catalyst, like chlorofluorocarbon was explained to decompose ozone. Nor does it entrap infrared energy causing significant heating. To slow global warming, unnecessary energy consumption must be reduced. Part reduction replacing carbon fuels with wind and solar would increase warming.