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Solar radiation warms the Earth’s surface, heat is convected into the atmosphere and eventually away into space. Trace carbon dioxide, 0.045% of the volume of the insulating gas blanket, absorbs heat like the other gases and is not chemically active like chlorofluorocarbons were — blamed for catalysing a hole in the ozone layer. Carbon dioxide has a very small part in global warming, which is probably caused by change in the Sun or orbit of the Earth. Increased carbon dioxide has probably been released from ocean water where most is dissolved, like the fizz bubbling from warming lemonade. Carbon dioxide is benign. An enhanced greenhouse effect caused by carbon dioxide is a myth without direct evidence. Phew — what a relief!  This interpretation is based on sound science.

A shifted paradigm of climate science is in my satirical novel Animal Farm 2.

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