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What are new themes in the Animal Farm sequel?

How did the Cold War affect life on Animal Farm?

What campaigns did the ‘peaceniks’ begin after collapse of the Soviet Government.

Historical figures are represented by major characters in Animal Farm. Could Dimitri and Algy represent contemporary political figures?

Could the Ravens represent any organisation? How did they assist the pigs?

Which nations are the superpowers in the story? What totalitarian characteristics did they have?

Which one of the animal characters is the most admirable?

Does the workers’ behaviour suggest that a work collective could succeed?

Must a commune or collective have a management class with elite rights?

Do the animals achieve liberation? How close do they get?

What possible causes of global warming do the animals consider?

Of the three emissions from combustion: heat, carbon dioxide and water vapour,which one do the animals consider inconsequential?

How do the animals explain increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere: increased human emissions, dissolution from warming oceans? 

Which source of energy do the animals regard as putting most heat into the environment: coal, solar or wind?

Are climate scientists views presented as: honest; sacrosanct, flawed; gullible; compliant; corrupted or diverse?

Is the Caruban Government’s non-intervention in Animal Farm plausible? Could separatism ever succeed?How important are a commune’s goals in setting it up?



The animals in the novel Animal Farm 2 by Martin Knox seek liberation from the totalitarian hell of George Orwell’s book Animal Farm (1945).  Are the animals right not to accept humans eating them and prevent animal births — even with the kindest treatment? Humans do sacrifice some of their number to military deaths in order to preserve their way of life. The pigs use abattoir deaths to control the other animals. 

Are foraging livestock useful for collecting food from the inaccessible bush and storing it on their bodies to be eaten in droughts when crops have failed? Is meat, after all a processed convenience food, unethical if you revere life of all species.

What would life be like without domestic livestock? If uneaten, animals would have to be fed and cared for on the little land remaining after expansion of agriculture. Animals would be helpless, without survival skills and with physiques disfigured by utilitarian breeding.

How many animals could be liberated? Beef-lot animals and piggery porkers could be among the first. Could dairy cows and sheep be kept because valued highly for their byproducts? Or should all animal products cease?

These questions are considered in Animal Farm 2, with meat eating reduced, the animals finding work in horticulture and coal mining — until they are affected by theories of climate change and fight to overthrow the pigs. This is an entertaining satire, revealing surprising animal ability at logic and science.


George Orwell’s book Animal Farm was published in 1945, correctly anticipating the Space Race and the Cold War. Animal Farm 2 by Martin Knox recollects Soviet events that followed and updates Orwell’s satire of totalitarianism in his 1949 book ‘1984’ up to modern times, with the focus on energy and global warming. The book sends up world climate politics in the superpowers, as they jostle for position in a global Reduced Energy Deal. Despite ruthless control by the pigs, the Farm animals learn climate science and discover there are flaws that require a paradigm shift away from renewable energy. Will the animals seek liberation and overthrow the pigs? The animals’ analysis of global warming is a hard-hitting, meticulously scientific, accurate and carefully explained satire.

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