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The animals in the novel Animal Farm 2 by Martin Knox seek liberation from the totalitarian hell of George Orwell’s book Animal Farm (1945).  Are the animals right not to accept humans eating them and prevent animal births — even with the kindest treatment? Humans do sacrifice some of their number to military deaths in order to preserve their way of life. The pigs use abattoir deaths to control the other animals. 

Are foraging livestock useful for collecting food from the inaccessible bush and storing it on their bodies to be eaten in droughts when crops have failed? Is meat, after all a processed convenience food, unethical if you revere life of all species.

What would life be like without domestic livestock? If uneaten, animals would have to be fed and cared for on the little land remaining after expansion of agriculture. Animals would be helpless, without survival skills and with physiques disfigured by utilitarian breeding.

How many animals could be liberated? Beef-lot animals and piggery porkers could be among the first. Could dairy cows and sheep be kept because valued highly for their byproducts? Or should all animal products cease?

These questions are considered in Animal Farm 2, with meat eating reduced, the animals finding work in horticulture and coal mining — until they are affected by theories of climate change and fight to overthrow the pigs. This is an entertaining satire, revealing surprising animal ability at logic and science.


George Orwell’s book Animal Farm was published in 1945, correctly anticipating the Space Race and the Cold War. Animal Farm 2 by Martin Knox recollects Soviet events that followed and updates Orwell’s satire of totalitarianism in his 1949 book ‘1984’ up to modern times, with the focus on energy and global warming. The book sends up world climate politics in the superpowers, as they jostle for position in a global Reduced Energy Deal. Despite ruthless control by the pigs, the Farm animals learn climate science and discover there are flaws that require a paradigm shift away from renewable energy. Will the animals seek liberation and overthrow the pigs? The animals’ analysis of global warming is a hard-hitting, meticulously scientific, accurate and carefully explained satire.


  1. Energy use is voluntary and consumption varies between countries.
  2. Energy use costs natural resources, human toil and expenditure.
  3. No energy can be recycled to the same use
  4. No energy sources can be renewed.
  5. Pollution by combustion of fossil fuels is mostly from heat and water vapour emissions.
  6. Carbon dioxide does not trap infrared in the atmosphere more than other gases. Causes of any warming and cooling trends are unresolved.
  7. Thermal pollution can accumulate on Earth.
  8. Energy consumption is unlimited except by cost and is a status symbol of wealth.
  9. Energy ends up warming oceans, warms the atmospheric and goes out into space.
  10. Heat emissions from devices increase entropy (low temperature heat), are unrecyclable and cause warming.
  11. To reduce global warming, we need to use less energy. Replacing efficient fossil fuel suppliers of electricity with ‘renewable’ supplies will cause more warming, not less. 

These answers are theories forming a paradigm shift in climate science, explained in a satirical fiction story.


Animal Farm 2 (2021) is a sequel to Animal Farm (1945) written by George Orwell.

Orwell was an English writer of lucid prose, biting social criticism, opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism. 

Orwell’s book was published when the USSR confronted the West. Farm animals who had been repressed under human despotic rule, rebelled and chased away their farmer, establishing a socialist commune. Leaders of the revolution, the pigs, set themselves up as a new bourgeois class. Orwell uses humour, irony, exaggeration and ridicule to expose and criticize plebian stupidity and bourgeois corruption, effectively satirising social change at that time.

Orwell’s novel ‘1984’ (1950) warned readers against allowing totalitarianism, with its centralism, surveillance, disinformation, denial of truth (doublethink), newspeak, and manipulation of the past, including “unpersoning” of individuals. These techniques remain in use today, by repressive governments.

Animal Farm 2 (2021) by Martin Knox is a sequel to Orwell’s Animal Farm, with story themes of anti-totalitarianism, animal liberation and climate science. The story elucidates the philosophies of science and suggests how our deep divisions could be resolved with a paradigm shift, all within a humorous story about fun animal characters.

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