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‘The Enhanced Greenhouse Gas theory is that CO2 warms the atmosphere,’ said Stanley. ‘We are testing it. We emptied two identical grain silos and filled one with air and the other with pure COgas. We put an infrared heater inside each.’

 They went inside the air silo. The test simulated the absorption of radiation at the surface of the Earth and heating of the atmosphere.

‘Why did you use infrared heaters?’ asked Pamela his partner.

‘Because atmospheric warming is said to be mainly by IR from the Sun,’ said Norman. ‘It passes through air and warms at surfaces.’

‘Would the IR radiation heat the air?’

‘Indirectly. This model has a metal wall absorbing IR instead of the Earth’s surfaces, quite different to vegetated land or ocean water. The warmed surfaces would warm the gases by convection and circulation, like the atmosphere.’

‘I measured air temperature in here several times daily for a week.’

‘Did the air warm up?’

‘About 10oC. Now, let’s go into the other silo and see the rise with pure COpiped in from the vodka fermentation plant to flush out the air. The set up is identical.’ 

Sophie hesitated to go in. ‘

‘Can we breathe pure CO2?’

‘The CO2 has gone — I have let air in.’

They went inside. 

‘Why did you go for pure CO2? Air has only 0.045%?’ said Pamela.

‘I figured it would be easiest to see any difference with 100% CO2 and then scale the results proportionally back to 0.045%. Proportional effects can be scaled up or down.’

‘If pure CO2 trapped more radiation, as claimed, this one would become warmer.’

‘Would the effect be greater with 100% CO2 than 0.045%?’

‘Hell yes. If there is any warming effect with 0.045%, we would have it in a big way in here. About 2200 times greater than with air having only 0.045%.

‘Was the effect in here greater?’

‘The temperature increased to 12.5oC, but we reduced it because CO2 has 20% lower heat capacity and it would get hotter. Then temperature was the same as air: about 10oC.

‘Does it reject the EGHE theory?’

‘No, but this evidence would refute it. It is an estimate from IR absorption data. The test has to be done precisely and repeated many times.’

‘Hopefully someone has done a fair test, or will do it.’

See Animal Farm 2, by Martin Knox, 2021, p149, 156 available from Amazon.

How a runner can go further in less time at the same speed.

When movement is in a faster time frame, time dilates.

Relativity causes movement in a faster time frame to dilate time, either for an astronaut or for a stimulus response signal in human nervous system. Time dilation is explained below.
Einstein did a thought experiment about a spaceship. An astronaut inside it flashes a pulse of light perpendicularly across the spacecraft, setting off a timer and reflecting back from a mirror to the timer again. The travel time across the width is T seconds read from the timer.’
If the spaceship moves forward at the speed of light, would the travel time T across the spaceship and back be the same as when it was stationary?’
If we could look inside through a porthole using a telescope from Earth, we would see the path of the light pulse illuminating dust particles in the air along a diagonal path to the mirror in its new position, being reflected off the mirror and coming back along another diagonal, completing a dogleg.
Can the light pulse still go across in T? It has three conditions to obey. 1. The diagonal path is further than the path perpendicularly across; 2. It must arrive by the same time T; and 3. It cannot go faster than the speed of light.
It can’t, because to go further along the diagonal in the same time, it would have to go faster. But if it was already at the speed of light and couldn’t go faster. Nor could it arrive after the time the astronaut would observe.
Therefore it would be impossible for the pulse to be seen at the same time. Einstein supposed time would dilate or stretch. If each second lasted longer, it would make sense. We are used to a pendulum beating out constant aliquots of time but at high speeds it would have to beat more slowly and because each second would be longer, the longer distance could be travelled in fewer seconds.
Next in this series it is shown how time dilation for a person in a much faster time frame would cause a higher speed of travel.
My fiction novel Time is Gold, to be published shortly, tells how an athlete exploits metaphysics and wins.